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200 m Backstroke

Race perception and training strategy in elite male swimmers




athletic performance, Perception, race strategies, swimming


The 200m Backstroke event in swimming has a complex structure, composed of various metabolic demands. Establishing performance-determining domains will result in a deeper understanding of the variables influencing performance. The objective of this study was to analyze the differences in split times in the performance of the 200m backstroke event by portuguese and international elite swimmers, as well as to understand the swimmers' perception of their training in relation to their performance in the 200m Backstroke event.

The study was divided into two phases. The first phase involved the analysis and comparison of split times in the 200m event. Significant differences in split time speed were observed among the groups. The second phase entailed a qualitative analysis of responses provided by swimmers from the finals of the Portuguese National Swimming Championship (NC). The qualitative analysis of the swimmers' interviews revealed that a majority of swimmers engage in a base training program for 100m and 200m events. We concluded that the biological maturation of swimmers can be an asset for improving sports performance, along with training focused on mid-distances, which could be significant for enhancing the final performance in the 200m event.


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