Preprint / Version 1

Investigating the Lack of Sustained Performance in Indian Sports

A Case Study in Tennis

##article.authors##

  • Christian Bosse
  • Ramkiran Ballal
  • Prajnesh Gunneswaran
  • Hargun Oberoi SportShaala
  • Surojit Bhattacharyya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51224/SRXIV.190

Keywords:

sports, performance, athletes, coaches, Olympics, sports education, Tennis, injuries, India, Long-term athlete development

Abstract

In this report , we investigate the lack of sustained peak performance of professional Indian athletes on the international sporting stage, using Lawn Tennis as a case study. We present a data-driven analysis of sporting performance of Indian Tennis players as they age. We find that while Indian athletes perform relatively well when younger, they are unable to carry that momentum in their later years. We focus on the role of Strength and Conditioning during coaching as a key factor. We also suggest possible steps that could be taken to create a
more reliable and long-term sports coaching environment for athletes to succeed.

Author Biographies

Christian Bosse

Christian Bosse, International Sports Science Specialist, is a Certified Strength and Conditioning Coach by the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA-CSCS)
and Certified Level 2 Tennis Coach by the German Tennis Federation. Over the course of his career, he has worked with several high-profile tennis coaches, ATP-ranked players and
top European academies. He has been an integral part of a coaching team of Olympic medalists

Ramkiran Ballal

Long-Term Athlete Development Coach, has over two decades of experience in the areas of Health and Fitness for Adults and has trained children and young athletes in association with international coaches from Europe.

Prajnesh Gunneswaran

Top Indian Tennis Player, achieved a peak ATP rank of 75 in 2019. He has won 2 ATP Challenger and 8 ITF titles in singles and 1 ITF title in doubles. He is currently the highest-ranked Indian singles player and represents India at the Davis Cup.

Hargun Oberoi, SportShaala

Founder of SportShaala, has an integrated Masters degree from BITS Pilani University. He is a
passionate tennis and football player, and believes in a future where more kids can pursue sports as a primary profession in India.

Surojit Bhattacharyya

Principal Developer at SportShaala, is a post-graduate in Physics from IIT Madras. He is currently developing a sports coaching management system at SportShaala and is interested in developing an AI-assisted injury prevention tool in the future.

References

Staff. World Bank Data: India GDP ;. Avail- able from: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP. MKTP.CD?locations=IN.

PTI. Indian parents now more supportive of children opting for sports career other than cricket: Survey; 2021. Available from: https://www.deccanherald.com/national/ indian-parents-now-more-supportive-of-children-opting- for-sports-career-other-than-cricket-survey-1018261. html.

Paul S. Do we want to know the real reasons why we don’t win medals?;. Available from: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/blogs/courts- commerce-and-the-constitution/do-we-want-to-know- the-real-reasons-why-we-dont-win-medals/.

ANI. Sports Ministry to develop 1,000 Khelo India centers across the nation by 2024;. Available from: https://www.livemint.com/news/india/sports-ministry-to- develop-1-000-khelo-india-centers-across-the-nation-

by-2024-11613995015865.html.

The Making of an Olympian; 2016. Available from: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-making- of-an-olympian/.

Krishna A, Haglund E. Why Do Some countries Win More Olympic Medals? Lessons for Social Mobility and Poverty Reduction; 2008. Available from: https://sites.duke.edu/krishna/files/2013/10/EPW_ krishna_haglund_Olympics.pdf.

Gregory PL, Batt ME, Wallace WA. Comparing injuries of spin bowling with fast bowling in young crick- eters. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine;Available from: 10.1097/00042752-200203000-00007;https:

//pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11953557/.

Meadors L. Practical Application for Long- Term Athletic Development;. Available from: https://www.nsca.com/education/articles/practical- application-for-long-term-athletic-development/.

Forsman H, Blomqvist M, Davids K, et al. Identifying technical, physiological, tactical and psychological char- acteristics that contribute to career progression in soc- cer. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching

;Available from: 10.1177/1747954116655051.

Brumfitt S. How to train like a Wimbledon champion;. Available from: https://www.gq-magazine.co.uk/sport/ article/wimbledon-tennis-champion-training-regime? utm_source=pocket-newtab-intl-en.

Favre MW. Becoming a Strength and Condition- ing Coach;. Available from: https://www.nsca.com/ education/articles/career-articles/becoming-a-strength- and-conditioning-coach/.

Eisner MT, Elder C, Sinclair-Elder A, et al. Collegiate ath- letes’ perceptions of the importance of strength and condi- tioning coaches and their contribution to increased athletic performance. Journal of Athletic Enhancement;Available from: 10.4172/2324-9080.1000159.

Share of tennis players worldwide in 2017, by coun- try ;. Available from: https://www.statista.com/statistics/ 1110235/tennis-players-by-country/.

Sackmann J. WTA and ATP Tennis Data on Jeff Sack- mann’s GitHub Repository;. Available from: https:// github.com/JeffSackmann.

Pitts A. Yuki Bhambri and the wall: tennis star re- veals mental struggle while injured;. Available from: https://olympics.com/en/featured-news/yuki-bhambri- tennis-injury-india-olympics.

The importance of the International Tennis Federation’s junior boys’ circuit in the development of professional ten- nis players. Journal of Sports Sciences;Available from: 10.1080/02640410600811932.

Reid M, Crespo M, Santilli L. Importance of the ITF Ju- nior Girls’ Circuit in the development of women profes- sional tennis players. Journal of Sports Sciences;Available from: 10.1080/02640410903037714.

Staff ATP. 5 Things To Know About Prajnesh Gunneswaran, India’s No. 1; 2019. Available from: https://www.atptour.com/en/news/getting-to-know- prajnesh-gunneswaran.

Reddy V. The man whom Prajnesh SOS’ed and who revived Prajnesh’s career – Christian Bosse; 2019. Avail- able from: https://indiantennisdaily.com/2019/02/06/the- man-whom-prajnesh-sosed-and-who-revived-prajneshs- career-christian-bosse/.

Ragav SD. I want to be in the top 20: Pra- jnesh Gunneswaran;. Available from: https:

//www.thehindu.com/sport/tennis/i-want-to-be-in-the- top-20-prajnesh-gunneswaran/article26344512.ece.

PTI. Aditi Chauhan: Strength and condition- ing coach Jane has helped team ;. Available from: https://sportstar.thehindu.com/football/aditi- chauhan-indian-womens-football-team-strength-and- conditioning-jane-tornqvist-sports/article38108478.ece.

Abhinav Bindra and Pullela Gopichand launch ELMS Foundation;. Available from: https:

//www.thebridgechronicle.com/sports/abhinav-bindra- and-pullela-gopichand-launch-elms-foundation-10512.

Nuwer R. Coaching Can Make or Break an Olympic Athlete;. Available from: https://www.scientificamerican. com/article/coaching-can-make-or-break-an-olympic- athlete/.

Balyi I. LONG-TERM ATHLETE DEVELOPMENT: TRAINABILITY IN CHILDHOOD AND ADOLES-

CENCE Windows of Opportunity, Optimal Trainability; 2004. .

Granacher U, Borde R. Effects of Sport-Specific Train- ing during the Early Stages of Long-Term Athlete Devel- opment on Physical Fitness, Body Composition, Cogni- tive, and Academic Performances. Frontiers in Physiol- ogy. 2017;8.

Furr J. Strength and conditioning coach is most im- portant role in athletic programs;. Available from: https://www.mansfieldnewsjournal.com/story/sports/ 2019/08/08/strength-and-conditioning-coach-most- important-role-athletics/1909144001/.

Andersen J, Aagaard P. Effects of strength training on muscle fiber types and size; consequences for athletes training for high-intensity sport. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports. 2010 10;20 Suppl 2:32–8. Available from: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01196.x.

Plotkin D, Roberts M, Haun C, et al. Muscle Fiber Type Transitions with Exercise Training: Shifting Per- spectives. Sports. 2021 09;9:127. Available from: 10. 3390/sports9090127.

Reid M, Morris C. Ranking benchmarks of top 100 players in men’s professional tennis. European Journal of Sport Science. 2013;13(4):350–355. Available from: 10.1080/ 17461391.2011.608812.

Andersen I, Sandbakk Ø, Koss JO. How Norway Won All That Olympic Gold (Again) ;. Avail- able from: https://www.aspeninstitute.org/blog-posts/ how-norway-won-all-that-olympic-gold-again/.

Cardinale M, Newton R, Nosaka K. Strength and con- ditioning: biological principles and practical applications; 2011.

Jeffreys I, Moody J. Strength and Conditioning for Sports Performance;.

Joyce D, Lewindon D. High-Performance Training for Sports;.

Turner A, Comfort P. Advanced Strength and Condi- tioning An Evidence-based Approach;. Available from: 10.4324/9781003044734.

Downloads

Posted

2022-09-05