Effects of Plyometric Training on Physical Performance
An Umbrella Review
Keywords:vertical jump, motor actions, sports-performance, muscle power
Background: Plyometric training can be performed through many types of exercises involving the stretch-shortening cycle in lower limbs. In the last decades, a high number of studies have investigated the effects of plyometric training on several outcomes in different populations.
Objectives: To systematically review, summarize the findings, and access the quality of published meta-analyses investigating the effects of plyometric training on physical performance.
Design: Systematic umbrella review of meta-analyses.
Data Sources: Meta-analyses were identified using a systematic literature search in the databases PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Scielo.
Eligibility Criteria for Selecting Meta-analyses: Meta-analyses that examined the effects of plyometric training on physical fitness in different populations, age groups, and sex.
Results: Twenty-nine meta-analyses with moderate-to-high methodological quality were included in this umbrella review. We identified a relevant weakness in the current literature, in which only one meta-analysis included control group comparisons, while 24 included pre-to-post effect sizes. Trivial to large effects were found considering the effects of plyometric training on physical performance for healthy individuals, medium-trivial effects for the sports athletes’ groups and medium effects for different sports athletes’ groups, age groups, and physical performance.
Conclusion: It is evidenced that plyometric training improves vertical jump height, but there is also a transfer to other physical fitness parameters and sports performance. However, it is important to outline that most meta-analyses included papers lacking a control condition. As such the results should be interpreted with caution.
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