Reporting Executive Dysfunctions versus Measuring Executive Functions as Predictor of Cognitive Skills in Athletes
Keywords:Executive Functions, Self reporting, Talent identification, Cognitive diagnostics
Cognitive diagnostics, especially the measurement of executive functions (EFs) in the context of sports and talent diagnostics, is a popular research topic. However, research is lacking on the extent to which self-reports are sufficient to examine the EFs of athletes for performance diagnostics. Thus, the current study aims to evaluate the relationships between neuropsychological tasks (3-back task, cued GoNoGo task, flanker task, and number-letter task) and a self-report for examining EFs (BRIEF-SB). Furthermore, it should be investigated whether it is possible to predict the outcome of EF tasks using a self-report inventory. Therefore, 68 young professional soccer players (Mage = 14.26 ±1.35 years) from a national youth academy were included in the study. The weak-to-moderate correlations (r = .000, p = .999 to r = -.442, p < .01) and the results of sensitivity analysis (0.125 to 0.538) do not suggest using a self-report of EFs for cognitive performance diagnostics. The inventory is only suitable for identifying executive dysfunctions in athletes recovering from head injuries or concussions.
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